Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Published in 1888 Looking Backward depicts a future vision of America. Utopian Boston of the year 2000 is designed in a constructive method that excludes capitalism. Through the medium of romantic novel, Bellamy seeks to impose the idea of socialism into the nineteenth-century American society. Written at a period when economic growth went off the rails triggering the rise in unequal distribution of wealth, Looking Backward attempts to propose a reform in social and economic systems. From the eyes of the narrator, the novel presents a spectrum of changes and possibilities for the 19th century audience. Plagued by the social chaos of the Gilded Age, Julian West falls asleep with difficulty in 1887 to wake up to the Boston of year 2000, and finds out that all the evils bothering him in the 19th century have been cast aside. As the last sparkles of the Civil War cooled down, a period of transformation took over U.S. and the endeavour to restore post Civil War economy initiated. The Gilded Age, as Mark Twain referred, was a time identified with economic boom and social change. During those years, U.S. experienced the transition from agricultural to urban together with industrialisation, scientific innovations and an economic boom. This modernisation evolvement however, was followed by negative outcomes: as labour demand amplified the need for immigration broke out and poverty became a remarkable issue. What is more, the growth of middle class and its insatiable appetiteShow MoreRelatedEssay on Visions of Utopia in Bellamys Looking Backward749 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesVisions of Utopia in Looking BackwardÃ Ã Edward Bellamy addressed many of the topics crucial to the development of a civilization in his book, Looking Backward. In the story he addresses several different features of years past utopias. Some being universal harmony, distribution of occupation according to individual aptitudes, equality of reward, universal ease and comfort, reduction of hours of labor, suppression of idleness, of competition, of the struggle for life, and also for money (DeRead MoreMissing Pieces Of A Utopian Puzzle Essay1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMissing Pieces of a Utopian Puzzle Looking Backward, written by Edward Bellamy in 1888, highlights the trials and tribulations that make up the social and economic systems of nineteenth-century society by writing an optimistic utopian type novel. On the surface, the novel is the story of time traveler Julian West, a young conservative Bostonian who was hypnotized in the late 19th century and awakens to a completely restructured society set in the year 2000. In lengthy conversations with Doctor LeeteRead MoreDiscrimination And Stratification During The Nineteenth Century1616 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn the nineteenth century America was flourishing; it was coasting on new inventions and ideas like the cotton gin, steam engine and manifest destiny. However, through this all, the balance of social and economical order was being weighed in favor of the wealthy and powerful. All American societies dating way back to the very first at Jamestown and Plymouth, have had social stratifications. As the population has grown in Am erica, and the capacity for industry and wealth increased, the stratificationRead More Exploring Freedom in Edward Bellamys Looking Backward Essay1975 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesbusiness, expansion of national currency, and subsequent redistribution of wealth through government aid to small businesses and domestic trades. For Edward Bellamy, the advantages of freedom from poverty exceeded those offered by the freedom of a laissez-faire economy both for individuals and for society as a whole. In Looking Backward, Bellamy outlined one proposal for protecting the freedom and welfare of all citizens through equal access to education, job opportunities, and wealth. FurthermoreRead MoreEssay Utopia4252 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesunselfish care of its citizens. I remain optimistic to the thought of Utopia as the following text attempts to clarify the true Utopia as a contrast to 14th century Europe, failed Communist Russia and China and the illusion of United States of America as an Utopia. The Life of Sir Thomas More (with reference to Appendix 1) Sir Thomas More was born in London on the 7th of February 1478. His father, John More, a successful lawyer who was later knighted and made a judge of the Kings BenchRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Globally, estimated 1.5 billion women were of childbearing age (15 to 45 years old) in 2011; 26% (310.62 million) of them covered by India only. Among 1.5 billion, 210 million become pregnant every year; of which; 86.66% (accounting as 182 million) of in developing world and remaining 13.33% (28 million) was in developed countries. 1, 2 Similarly 139.65 million births were in 2009 in the world and 26.92 million only in India.2 Pregnancy and childbirth are special events in womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. This can be a time of great hope and joyful anticipation3. Though pregnancy and childbirth are a natural and usual phenomenon, these events put every woman at risk of complications and it directly/indirectly affect to the growth and development of the infant. Most maternal and child deaths occur during late pregnancy and the first year of the childÃ¢â¬â¢s life respectively.4 Estimation by World Health Organization (WHO) in 2011, worldwide, approximately 3.5 million women die every year during pregnancy and delivery; almost 1000 a day. Almost 99 % of maternal, newborn, and child deaths occur in low and middle income countries.5 About 20% of global maternal death and 25% of child deaths occur only in India.6, 7.Though the life expectancy at birth is 63 years for boys and 66 years for girls, 69 per 1000 live births of under five children and 47 per 1000 live birth of under one year children die every year in India.8 Child malnutrition is also the major global public health problem. It is the majorShow MoreRelatedA State And Federal Program902 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescontribute to family health (Handler, 2015). This program focuses on issues which affect women of child bearing age, children, adolescents, as well children with special health care needs (Handler, 2015). Maternal and Child programs work to address health promotion issues across the lifespan of individuals and families. It is noted that if emphasis on proper health care is placed on preconception, pregnancy and early childhood, the nation is along a path for lifelong wellness. These include preventiveRead MoreThe Mortality Of Maternal Mortality1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe maternal mortality ratio is considered one of the main indicators of a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s status in the area of maternal health, the burden of maternal mortality is only a small fraction of the burden of maternal morbidity; the health problems borne by women du ring pregnancy and the postpartum period. Maternal deaths have been described as the tip of the iceberg and maternal morbidity as the base. Yet, women who survive life-threatening conditions arising from complications related to pregnancy and childbirthRead MoreThe Causes and Prevelence of Obstetrical Emergencies 1185 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesINTRODUCTION Ã¢â¬Å"Maternal health is nationÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth. There is chance for the welfare of the world only when the condition of women improves. It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing.Ã¢â¬ -Swamy Vivekananda Obstetrical emergencies are the life threatening medical conditions that occur during pregnancy or after labor and delivery. Many illnesses and disorders of pregnancy can threaten the well-being of both the mother and the child.1 Preventive/ effective management of obstetric emergenciesRead MoreObesity And Pregnancy : Early Education And Prevention1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesObesity and Pregnancy: Early education and prevention Alicia Gonzalez de Arreola ENG 122: English Composition Professor Amy Erickson August 25, 2014 Ã¢â¬Æ' Obesity and Pregnancy: Early Education and Prevention Obesity has become an epidemic not only in the United States, it is worldwide (Sullivan, 2014). Obesity affects both mother and child leading to severe complications during and after birth, therefore measures should be taken to monitor and educate women and women who plan on becoming pregnant.Read MoreQuality Of Care For Maternal And Newborn Health1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHealth Quality Quality of care for maternal and newborn health has been an agenda that has been neglected. Many women experience disrespectful, abusive, or neglectful treatment during child birth in facilities.Woman autonomy are being violated, leaving women without the choice to seek the proper maternal health care services.Quality care for women and newborns morality has been seeking less attention.issues with quality of care must improve deaths of mothers and newborns has became a issueRead MoreThe Maternal Mortality Of South Africa Essay1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2.1.1 Background on the maternal and infant/child health in South Africa There are numerous issues surrounding maternal and infant health in South Africa. The maternal mortality ratio in South Africa is estimated at 156.5 per 100000 live births (Pattinson et al 2012). It is suggested that 60% of maternal deaths in South Africa are preventable (Amnesty International 2014). The three leading underlying causes of maternal mortality in South Africa include: HIV/AIDS, hypertension and obstetric haemorrhageRead MoreEssay On Perinatal And Neonatal Mortality1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDecreasing Perinatal Neonatal Mortality Rates: Low Middle-Income Areas One in four pregnancies end in loss - think about that for just a second. If four women are randomly selected, chances are one of them have experienced some type of loss of a child. Approximately one million pregnancies each year just in the United States alone end in early pregnancy loss, stillbirth, or the death of a newborn child (October: Awareness). In an effort to lower these statistics, medical institutions shouldRead MoreQuality Of Care For Maternal And Newborn Health1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProfessor Surles Quality of care for maternal and newborn health has been an agenda that has been neglected. Many women experience disrespectful, abusive, or neglectful treatment during child birth in facilities.Woman autonomy are being violated, leaving women without the choice to seek the proper maternal health care services. Quality care for women and newborns morality has been seeking less attention.issues with quality of care must improve deaths of mothers and newborns has became a issueRead MoreMaternal Stress And The Birth Of A Healthy New Born Baby849 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMaternal Stress Since ancient times, scientists have written about beliefs that the emotional state of the pregnant mother may affect her unborn child. Today, both animal and human studies support the notion that maternal stress and anxiety during pregnancy can have both immediate and long-term effects on her offspring (The Effects of Maternal Stress, n.d.). Prenatal maternal stress originates due to unforeseen circumstances that cannot be controlled or resolved within a rapid timeframe, thereforeRead MoreMaternal Mortality : Developing Countries1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMay 2016 Maternal Mortality in Developing Countries Around the world, 830 women die every day from preventable complications during pregnancy and delivery (Ã¢â¬Å"Maternal mortalityÃ¢â¬ 1). A death during a pregnancy or within 42 days of delivery is referred to as a maternal death (Semba and Bloem 34). The issue of maternal death in developing countries is an often unaddressed and urgent need. Things like poverty, a lack of access to quality healthcare, and cultural practices are causing maternal mortality
Life is a mystery. Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know exactly whats going to happen next. Each chocolate is like a new day. You never know what is in each chocolate until you bite into it, just like how you bite into each new day. My life has been very surprising some days but nothing compares to last week. Just last week my great grandmother had to be rushed into the hospital because she couldnt breathe. It was very shocking because she is a really healthy person even though she is 92.The only reason she is in that hospital room is because of the blood clots the doctors found in her lungs. A little cluster of blood is the reason she is on life support today. Its ironic how blood keeps you alive but also has the ability to kill you. The medication theyve been treating her with has some drastic side effects for her brain, if she survives. We will write a custom essay sample on Life is like a box of chocolates or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The doctors dont know if shell survive. Its really hard for me because its the first time someone close to me is this ill. Ive had close relatives pass away, but either they lived in another country or was really young to feel anything.Ive heard people say if you talk to the person and give them courage theyll get better faster. I want to do that but she cant hear anything because shes deaf and that makes it harder. I want to remind her of all the fun weve had ever since I was born. I still remember the days when I was a little kid and she used to play with me. She used to go against my mom and give me junk food. She loved spoiling me. My mom never liked it but she didnt dare stop her. She was also the only one that never said no to me. If I told her I wanted to eat a certain Indian food shed start preparing it right away.If she was tired and wanted to play hide and seek, shed hide her tiredness and play with me. If asked her for $5 shed give me $10. She never disappointed me and Ill appreciate that forever. I know she can survive this. She was always determined and got past anything life threw at her. I feel like there are so many things I havent done with her. Havent told her how much I appreciate everything shes done for me or that I love her. I hope that she gets better so can tell her but Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what youre going to get.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
Sociological Profile The Sociological Profile will be based on the population density and persity, median household income, percent unemployment, percent persons in poverty, and the median home values. The Los Angeles County of California has a total population of an estimated 9,758,866 people, wherein 4,816,227 or 49.4% of these are males and 4,942,659 or 50.6% of these are females. The median age of this county is approximately 33.7 years old. About 72% of the population falls in the bracket of over 18 years old, 9.8% falls in the bracket of over 65 years old and about 7.7% is from the bracket of below 5 years of age. About 50.9% of the total population is White, about 13.1 % are Asian, and 8.7% are Black or African American. About 97.4% of the total population has only one race, and about 2.6% have two or more races (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005). Need essay sample on "Sociological Profile" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The median household income of the population is about $48,248, while the median family income is about $53,431. About 4,741,524 or 64.8% are in the labor force, leaving 35.2% outside the labor force, either unemployed or have other means of income. About 13.4% of all the families are below the poverty level, while 16.3% of the inpiduals in the population are below the poverty level. The average household size is about 3.06 people and the average family size is about 3.78 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005). In the housing aspect, there are 3,339,763 total houses, wherein 3,184,396 or 95.3% of these are occupied. About 49.1% of these occupied housing units are owner-occupied and 50.9% of these are renter-occupied. The median value of these homes is $480,300. The median of selected monthly owner cost for those with mortgage is about $1,919 and that which is not mortgaged is about $392 (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005). The information presented in the sociological profile is important in creating or planning out the possible social policies to be implemented in the county. This is to further know the people you are dealing with, since they are not of the same race, culture, or have the same set of beliefs. The social policies should be based on the people you are responsible with, since they are the ones who will be affected by the social policies that you are creating. If there are policies not suited or not applicable to an ethnic or cultural group, then it will not serve its purpose as a guide to the people. Every aspect and every detail of every group of people or inpidual should be taken into consideration for the social policies to be effective. Sociological perspective is important in designing social policies in this essay. This is because you need to maintain objectivity in creating a policy for it to be effective. You need to critically analyze and evaluate certain ideas that you take into consideration when creating these social policies. Having a sociological perspective tends to make one go deeper in analyzing several aspects, like in constructing social policies (Sociology.org, 2004b). Looking at the population as a whole, it is necessary to determine whether the population has a high culture or a popular culture. Having a high culture means having a ruling social group, where there is a dominant culture among other lesser cultures (Sociology.org, 2004a). Another is popular culture where there is a fair existence between different cultures, where they form another culture dominant to all other cultures in which all of them usually follow, like in fashion, sports, and more (Reed, 2002). The county has a popular culture, wherein it is composed of various cultural elements in the society. This is because of the high cultural persity present in the area. Because of this, there is a need to know further, like the preferences of every culture, their differences and their similarities, are also taken into consideration. It goes beyond what is obvious, where these things are the ones that truly matter. There is a need to go beyond what is seen and there is a need to observe further. With the use of sociological perspective, social policy makers are able to see the social patterns in general, whether it is for an inpidual or for a group or culture. It is able to extend what is seen by the eye, far beyond the limited knowledge and explanations, not just relying on certain impressions, quirks and personalities. Because of this, the social policies that will be formed will be unbiased, comprehensive, and is applicable to all. References: Reed, T. V. (2002). Popular Culture: Resources for Critical Analysis. Retrieved July 13, 2007, from http://www.wsu.edu/~amerstu/pop/ Sociology.org. (2004a). High and Low Culture. Retrieved July 13, 2007, from http://www.sociology.org.uk/p2t3a.htm Sociology.org. (2004b). The Sociological Perspective. Retrieved July 13, 2007, from http://www.sociology.org.uk/p2i6.htm
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
World War 1 Battles The battles of the World War I were fought across the globe from the fields of Flanders and France to the Russian plains and deserts of the Middle East. Beginning in 1914, these battles devastated the landscape and elevated to prominence places that had previously been unknown. As a result, names such as Gallipoli, the Somme, Verdun, and Meuse-Argonne became eternally entwined with images of sacrifice, bloodshed, and heroism. Due to the static nature of World War I trench warfare, fighting took place on a routine basis and soldiers were rarely safe from the threat of death. The battles of the World War I War are largely divided into the Western, Eastern, Middle Eastern, and colonial fronts with the bulk of the fighting taking place in the first two. During World War I, over 9 million men were killed and 21 million wounded in battle as each side fought for their chosen cause. Battles of World War I by Year 1914 August 7-September 13: Battle of the Frontiers - Western FrontAugust 14-25: Battle of Lorraine - Western FrontAugust 21-23: Battle of Charleroi - Western FrontAugust 23: Battle of Mons - Western FrontAugust 23-31: Battle of Tannenberg - Eastern FrontAugust 28: Battle of Heligoland Bight - At SeaSeptember 6-12: First Battle of the Marne - Western FrontOctober 19-November 22:Ã First Battle of Ypres - Western FrontNovember 1: Battle of Coronel - At SeaNovember 9: Battle of Cocos - At SeaDecember 8: Battle of the Falklands - At SeaDecember 16: Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, Whitby - At SeaDecember 24-25: The Christmas Truce - Western Front 1915 January 24: Battle of Dogger Bank - At SeaFebruary 19-January 9, 1916: Gallipoli Campaign - Middle EastApril 22-May 25: Second Battle of Ypres - Western FrontMay 7: Sinking of the Lusitania - At SeaSeptember 25-October 14: Battle of Loos - Western Front 1916 February 21-December 18: Battle of Verdun - Western FrontMay 31-June 1: Battle of Jutland - At SeaJuly 1-November 18: Battle of the Somme - Western FrontAugust 3-5: Battle of Romani - Middle EastDecember 23: Battle of Magdhaba - Middle East 1917 January 9: Battle of Rafa - Middle EastJanuary 16: Zimmermann Telegram - Western FrontMarch 26: First Battle of Gaza - Middle EastApril 9-May 16: Battle of Arras - Western FrontJune 7-14: Battle of Messines - Western FrontJuly 31-November 6: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Ypres) - Western FrontOctober 24-November 19: Battle of Caporetto - Italian FrontOctober 31-November 7: Third Battle of Gaza - Middle EastNovember 20-December 6: Battle of Cambrai - Western Front 1918 March 21-April 5: Spring Offensives - Operation Michael - Western FrontJune 1-June 26: Battle of Belleau Wood - Western FrontJuly 15-August 6: Second Battle of the Marne - Western FrontAugust 8-11: Battle of Amiens - Western FrontSeptember 19-October 1: Battle of Megiddo - Middle EastSeptember 26-November 11: Meuse-Argonne Offensive - Western Front
Saturday, February 29, 2020
1.In our case being that the population size was sixty nine thousand, a sample size of fifteen thousand represented by over twenty percent covers over one fifth of the population. This sample therefore has a bigger sample size than expected. i.e. 383 bank workers were to make the sample size for this population size (69,000) with confidence level of 95 percent and margin of error of 5 percent. Large sample sizes are therefore associated with advantages and disadvantages. Large sample sizes ensure for the reliability of the sample mean as the estimator of the population parameter. For a sample to fully reflect the correct population mean, larger sample size is always contemplated of. The quantity need to be pinned down. Standard error (Se) of the mean is therefore used to quantify the reflection of population mean. This standard error is essential for all calculated sample means. This is taken as an advantage of the large sample sizes due their wide coverage of the population. Working with large samples is important since it helps in sweeping out the outliers in the sample. Small samples are perceived prone to outliers which may misrepresent the data in the sample. Bigger samples capture greater odds of outliers in the sample. However, in most of the cases, outliers tend to complicate analysis of statistical data but accounting for them help in giving realistic picture and the characteristics of the population. Another advantage of large sample sizes is that they help in obtaining a quality and precise mean. This is so because the mean will have covered many elements of the population. Determination of the mean is important for it help the researchers to do away with the outliers from their data. Outliers in the dataset are important to be dealt with because they totally differ from the mean greatly and may give a deceitful image about the sample or population. Since large sample size is suitable due to its large and wider coverage of the population of study, it is in the same way time consuming and expensive to work with. For instance, sampling 15,000 workers who work in the Belgian bank will require a lot of time and also the expense that will be involved will be high. A lot of time is required since the larger sample size is spread in the manner that the population is spread and thus collecting data from the entire sample will involve much time compared to smaller sample sizes. Due to its wider coverage, the expense that is involved in data collection process is also higher compared to expense that could be incurred in a small sample size. Overrepresentation of population data in a population involves large sample size. Collection of data from this sample size in a well distributive way will require high financial involvement for the success of the process as planned Decision on what sample size to use will depend on the population size i.e. 69,000 bank workers and cost that will be involved in data collection. If the researcher wants to incur low cost in the process, smaller sample size will be preferred. In that case, it will also help in determining how precise we should be with our data. Sampling whole lot of 15,000 Belgian bank workers will mean high cost incurred in the data collection process. Prior information concerning the subject of study will help in determining the sample size for use in the study. This prior information can be considered in deciding whether to reduce the sample size or not. The key elements that will be considered from prior information is the prior mean and variance estimates, this is according to (Moher et al, 1994). Practicality is another factor to be considered when choosing for the sample size. The sample size chosen for use must make sense and practical in real life situation. Margin of error also forms another key factor for it will be relied on in determining how reliable and perfect a sample is. It will be showing the width or interval at which the calculated mean will lie and also help in construction of the confidence interval level. 2.The bank workers who were to be involved in the study were given equal chances of being selected by employing probability sampling methods. The chances will be made in such a way that they are greater than zero; this helps in reducing human biasness that may arise through their judgments thus making the process free and fair for inclusion of all banks and the bank workers in the process (Bacchetti, 2002). Probability sampling method used by the research institutions was stratified sampling method. The research institutions first randomly identified the banks which formed the strata then in the identified banks; they randomly selected the workers for fairness in their selection. Compared to other probability sampling methods like the simple random sampling, stratified sampling method gives more precision of the same sample size. Precision is important in the estimation process of the population parameter, each stratumÃ¢â¬â¢s statistic will be calculated and their closeness compared to one another. The process is found to be cost effective as it only involves random selection of different baking institutions and workers over the entire population which makes it half completed because of its precision. It is also flexible in that any number of participants can be selected with ease and efficiency. Also, this process tends to be more effective as it results to accuracy in selection of data since it involves lesser degree of judgment of the researcher. It as well forms easier way of sampling as compared to other sampling methods since it does not involve long and complicated processes. Moreover, probability sampling method does not require any technicality the refore any person can carry it out even non-technical persons. Since it only require random assignment of numbers over the specified strata. This method (stratified probability sampling method) of selecting the sample results to the selection of only specific class of samples. This sampling method is as well time consuming as the researcher is required to follow all due procedure such as first identifying strata and also going down to the strata to do the selection of individuals that will now participate in the process. The process result to monotony as the researcher or the surveyor will be repetitively assigning numbers in order to obtain the required information through this method; this may have further effects such as reducing the efficiency of the surveyor. 3.The chosen sampling method will have influence on the outcome data for use in the analysis. For instance, if the method that was used in sampling the banks was found to be biased, this will affect the results and the conclusions that will be drawn from this sample study (Mann, 2003). So to eradicate such short comings, the researcher is supposed to ensure that they reduce biasness as much as possible to save on the results and their dependability. This can be done through randomization. This ensures that all the possible samples are given equal chances of being selected for the sample of study. This so far is the effective technique that can be applied by the researcher in ensuring for equality of all possible samples when using simple random sampling. To reduce and improve stratified sampling technique, the groups are divided into groups referred to as strata that must be showing relationship that is meaningful in the study. In some cases, responses from the strata may be different from one another in a survey. Stratification is done in response to help in reflecting the population and ensuring that each stratumÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion is represented and reflected in the sample. In most of the cases, stratification is done by gender in order to take care of the divergent opinions and have all of them represented. Because each sampling method is concerned with precision in the analysis thereafter, testes methods are supposed to be conducted. This is done with the aim of ensuring that each sampling method chosen for use to satisfy research goals. The level of precision and the cost associated will be important to determine for each potential method. In this case, since standard error will be used, it will help in measuring the level of pre cision whereas the smaller the standard error, the greater the precision of our sample. 4.More often, questionnaires have been widely used in the collection of data from the respondents. In as much it has been preferred method for data collection, it is always associated with some problems (disadvantages). Dishonesty has been a big problem rocking the use of questionnaires in data collection. This arises as a result of the respondents abscond the truth from the researcher when answering the questions. In our case since the questionnaires were sent to the respondents, this may result to lack of clarity of questions for easy understanding by the respondents (Zaza et al, 2000). The matter of dishonesty may be as a result of hiding what they consider private for the fear of disclosure and desirability bias. Though this kind of problem can be dealt with by ensuring them (the respondents) about their privacy and also that their identifications will be hidden. Also, conscientiousness of the responses provided by the respondents can be missed since some of the respondents do not carefully think when responding to the questions. In some cases, they preselect the answers before they go through the whole question to know the requirement of the question. Validity of the data is affected when the respondents try to split the questions and even go further ahead to skip some of the questions thus missing out potential answers. The research institutions involved in this study can collect the most accurate data through structuring simple questions that are easy to read and understand by the respondents. If the questions are not presented to the respondent face-to-face like in this scenario, the respondents may have difficulty with understanding the questions and interpreting them since the researcher is not around to give clarity of what the questions need and offer guidelines. This will lead to a variation in interpretation of the questions thus resulting to different responses which some may not even be meaningful and related in any way with the subject of discussion (Zaza et al, 2000). Skewed results from this can be combated by well structuring the questions and making them easy to read, understand and interpret. Questionnaires should always be made accessible. The choice of which data collection tool to be used should be made by considering the respondents. For instance, people with other forms of physical disability such as visual impairment or hearing impairment, survey should not be used with them to collect data. Problems of this sort are eliminated or dealt with by making appropriate choice of which data collection tool to use. At sometimes, some respondents do have their own hidden agenda and this may lead them to provide biased information. Interest of the participants may steer them towards either the product or services. Questionnaires that only make use of open-ended questions are difficult to analyze by the respondents. Answers obtained through these types of questions are individualized opinions hence they cannot be quantified by the analysts since they vary across all the individual groups. Structuring a questionnaire with many open ended questions will result to more data to be analyzed. So it can be dealt with by reducing the number of open-ended questions and using the closed ended questions instead. Some of the questions remaining unanswered are other problems that are being encountered by the researchers when using questionnaires especially when the questions are optional. This risk can be avoided by making the questionnaires online and terming all the fields required. In the same way, the questions are supposed to be precise and easy to respond to. 5.The dataset that will be used to check for the representativeness of the sample will be obtained from the National Bank of Belgium in conjunction with Employment industry in Belgium. They will be used as the checking point for collected data for study. They will also be used to obtain data that are termed relevant from other sources like from the previous study. Additionally, secondary data provide descriptive information that is used to support the study that is currently being carried out thus helping in the development of the study with facts. Variables used in the study are in most of the cases tested if at all there is a relationship that exist between variables thus helping in building up the model. Secondary data are as well used in data mining where computer technology is used in studying the trend for the previous research by visiting large volumes of data. Among other uses of the secondary data, they are as well used in the identification of relevant sources in order to d o away with plagiarism. Moher, D., Dulberg, C. S., & Wells, G. A. (1994). Statistical power, sample size, and their reporting in randomized controlled trials.Ã Jama,Ã 272(2), 122-124. Bacchetti, P. (2002). Peer review of statistics in medical research: the other problem.Ã British Medical Journal,Ã 324(7348), 1271. Mann, C. J. (2003). Observational research methods. Research design II: cohort, crossÃ sectional, and case-control studies.Ã Emergency medicine journal,Ã 20(1), 54-60. Zaza, S., Wright-De AgÃ ¼ero, L. K., Briss, P. A., Truman, B. I., Hopkins, D. P., Hennessy, M. H., ... & Pappaioanou, M. (2000). Data collection instrument and procedure for systematic reviews in the Guide to Community Preventive Services.Ã American journal of preventiveÃ medicine,Ã 18(1), 44-74.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Childhood - Personal Statement Example The character I developed in those days is to be good to all whatever happens. Never turn your face to others. I could not exactly say who was my inspiration to this. But my parents, my brothers, my friends, my relatives all have a part in this either in a positive way or the other. Its not that we are only inspired by a good person what should be done. The real thing must be from a bad example what not to be done. In that way even during those earlier stages of my life, when someone behaves rudely to me I know how it hurts me. So I used to think, if I behaved in the same way to someone else, he too will feel the same, will be hurt in the same way as I was hurt. So I stopped being harsh and started being good to all. I would say this quality of mine has carried me all through the life till now and it will in future too. I have had many experiences in my life in which the people I trusted the most have betrayed me, have outdone me. But even in that stage I never said a word harsh to them. Instead I still felt them close to me, wished for their betterment. Many of my friends said am a fool to be still being good to the ones who are hurting me and they are taking advantage over me. But I believed this would change them and it did indeed. They realized their mistakes and I believe never again would they be against me. I believe that being good to those who hurt us is the best way to respond.